To find out more about water consumption in Italy, let’s analyze some data.
According to the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), the main items of water consumption worldwide are:
- agriculture (70%);
- industry (20%);
- civil consumption (10%).
These percentages vary in different countries. In Italy, water consumption is proportionate as follows (ISTAT data):
- agricultural use 54%;
- industrial use 21%;
- civil use 20%;
- energy use 5%.
The Italian water distribution network is developing over 57,000 kilometers. In 2020, according to the ISTAT 2022 Water Report, the operators put into the distribution network a total of 2.4 billion cubic meters of water (370 liters per inhabitant per day) and supplied 1.5 billion cubic meters to end users.
This corresponds to 236 liters per inhabitant per day, billed or supplied free of charge.
The consumption of water in Italy is among the highest in Europe. In fact, the average of European countries is around 125 liters (Eureau data).
Water consumption is highest in the North (average 256 liters per day per inhabitant), with significant differences between the North-West (282 liters) and the North-East (220). The quantity is significantly reduced as you descend along the peninsula:
- Center: 231 liters;
- South: 221 liters;
- Islands: 194 liters.
The average monthly expenditure of households for the domestic supply of water is 14.68 euros.
Small paradox: the average monthly expenditure for mineral water – one of the “vices” of Italians, big consumers of bottled water – is slightly lower (12.56 euros).